If so, Timucuan contact with that particular expedition was unlikely.In 1539, Hernando de Soto led an army of more than 500 men through the western parts of Timucua territory, stopping in a series of villages of the Ocale, Potano, Northern Utina, and Yustaga branches of the Timucua on his way to the Apalachee domain (see list of sites and peoples visited by the Hernando de Soto Expedition for other sites visited by de Soto).Johns and Suwannee Rivers (roughly the area of the group known as the Northern Utina) as the Timucua Province, which they incorporated into the mission system.
Warfare against them by the English colonists and native allies completed their extinction as a tribe soon after the turn of the 19th century.
The word "Timucuan" may derive from "Thimogona" or "Tymangoua", an exonym used by the Saturiwa chiefdom of present-day Jacksonville for their enemies, the Utina, who lived inland along the St. Both groups spoke dialects of the Timucua language.
While alliances and confederacies arose between the chiefdoms from time to time, the Timucua were never organized into a single political unit.
The people suffered severely from the introduction of Eurasian infectious diseases, to which they had no immunity.
By the time the United States acquired Florida in 1821, only five or fewer Timucua remained. In 1763, when Spain ceded Florida to Great Britain, the Spanish took the less than 100 Timucua and other natives to Cuba.